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What is the meaning of “God has no material body and no eye can ever see him”?

WE BELIEVE that God can never be seen by the physical eyes; because the object of seeing by the eyes, is a material body that has to have place, colour, form and direction. These are all the qualifications of the creatures, and not that of the creator. God is really far from that. Therefore the belief that one may physically see God, is a sort of polytheism, and going astray in this field.

“No vision can grasp Him, but He grasps all visions.” (The Holy Quran – S6: 103)

This is why when the Israelites objected, asking Moses to let them see God: he took them to the mount sinai, and as mentioned in HOLY QURAN:

“And when Moses came to a place appointed by us, (ON THE MOUNT SINAI) his lord addressed him; and Moses said, “o my lord! show thyself to me: (let me see you) that I may look upon You! Allah said, “By no means can you see me; but look upon the mountain, if it abides in its place, then you may see me.” When his lord manifested His glory on the mountain it turned into dust, and Moses fell down into a swoon. When he recovered his senses, he said, “Glory be to thee! To thee I return and I am the first one to believe in you.” (The Holy Quran – S7: 143)

And by such incidents it was proved that God can never be seen.
WE BELIEVE that our Islamic traditions denoting the observance of God, aim at seeing Him by the mind and by the heart, and not by the sense of vision of the eyes at all. In one of his sermons collected in the famous book: NAHJUL BALAGHA, Emam Ali says:

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“Eyes cannot see Him, but He can be seen by the realities of faith”.

WE BELIEVE that the attributes of the creatures, such as: place, direction, material body, and physical observance should not be ascribed to God. If done so, it shall lead to polytheism, and remoteness from the true knowledge of HIM, who is above all, and nothing is similar to HIM.

Ref: Our Belief (a brief description of Islam: Shiite believe); Ayt. Makarem Shirazi; Translated by: Monir Shafi