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Justice

God’s Justice and Eternal Punishment

God’s Justice and Eternal Punishment

We know that the Holy Qur’an directly speaks of the eternal punishment to be given to the kufar. That is, it speaks about eternity. “God has promised the hypocrites, men and women., and the kafirs, the fire of hell; therein shall they dwell; sufficient is it for them; for them is the curse of God, and an enduring punishment.” (Surah At-Tawba, 9:68). The Qur’an also promises the believing men and ... Read More »

The Proof or Reason for the Creator’s Justice

The Proof or Reason for the Creator’s Justice

1. Goodness and Evil We have learned – and it seems that this issue is necessary – that out intellect distinguish between good and evil to a certain extent. (This is that very thing which scholars speak about in ethical terms: “Goodness” and “Evil.”) For instance, we know that justice and goodness are good and oppression and stinginess are evil. Before religion even mentioned these things, it was clear to ... Read More »

The Difference between Justice and Equality

The Difference between Justice and Equality

 a important point which should be pointed out in this lesson is that sometimes justice is confused with equality so that the meaning of justice becomes “equality should be maintained,” when this is not so. Equality is not a condition for justice. Rather, rights and priorities must be considered. As an example, justice in a classroom of students is not that they all receive equal grades and justice between two workers ... Read More »

What is Justice?

What is Justice?

Justice contains two varying meanings. The extensive meaning of justice is “to put everything in its place,” or in other words, being in balance and equilibrium. This meaning or sense of justice rules over the entire created universe – in the galaxies, within an atom, in the structure of a human being’s existence and in all plants and animals. This is what the famous tradition of the Holy Prophet refers ... Read More »

What is the “Middle Way”?

What is the “Middle Way”?

1. ‘Conferring’ as opposed to ‘Fatalism’ Of course, opposing the belief in fatalism, which is one kind of an extreme, is the school of ‘conferring’, which is at the other extreme. Those who accept this school believe that God created us and then put everything at our disposal and that, in general, He is not responsible for anything that we do and in this way, we are completely independent in ... Read More »

The Clearest Reason for Free Will

The Clearest Reason for Free Will

1. The General Conscience of Human Beings Denies Predestination Even if philosophers and divine scholars give different reasons for free will of the human being, here we will take a short cut and give the clearest reason given by the supporters of free will and this is the ‘universal’ or ‘collective’ conscience of human beings. That is, no matter what we deny, we cannot deny this reality that in all ... Read More »

The Issue of Predestination and Free Will

The Issue of Predestination and Free Will

One of the issues which is directly related to the issue of the justice of the Creator, is the question of predestination or free will. According to the fatalists (those who believe in predestination), a human being has no choice whatever in his or her acts, behavior or words and the movements of his organs are just like the predestined movements of tile parts of a machine. Thus, this question ... Read More »

Once Again the Philosophy of Signs and Catastrophes

Once Again the Philosophy of Signs and Catastrophes

Because of the fact that a discussion about signs, catastrophes, sudden events and unpleasant events is a very difficult and complicated one and is most often discussed in the area of ontology and monotheism we are obligated to the student to study this issue further from another point of view which is more readily understandable by the general reader. 5. Difficulties and Ups and Downs give Spirit to Life Perhaps ... Read More »

The Philosophy of Undesirable Events in Life

The Philosophy of Undesirable Events in Life

We have said that a group of the materialists have coercively made use of the issue of unpredictable occurrences of calamities and difficulties which occur in the life of human beings as an excuse to deny the justice of the Creator and sometimes, to deny even the existence of God! Now we will continue the discussion of the previous lesson. 3. A Human Being is nurtured through Facing Difficulties We ... Read More »

The Philosophy of Signs and Evil

The Philosophy of Signs and Evil

From the earliest times to the present, a group of the unaware went against God’s Justice and expressed ideas that either God’s Justice did not exist or even sometimes they not only negated justice but used it as a means of proving the non-existence of God like unexpected catastrophes such as hurricanes, earthquakes, and other natural calamities, and differences of these types which can be found among people and also ... Read More »