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God and His Attributes

What is the reality of Tawakkul and what is its philosophy?

What is the reality of Tawakkul and what is its philosophy?

The word tawakkul1 has been derived from وکالت (wakalat), meaning ‘taking for oneself a representative’, and a good representative generally possesses the following four characteristics: Awareness, Trustworthiness, Strength and Sympathy. It might not appear necessary to mention that one selects a barrister for a task when the individual lacks the strength to defend himself. He therefore seeks the strength of another person and uses his assistance to solve his personal ... Read More »

Is the ‘prosperity’ or ‘wretchedness’ of mankind, inherent?

Is the ‘prosperity’ or ‘wretchedness’ of mankind, inherent?

In verse 105 of Surat Hud, we read: يَوْمَ يَأْتِ لاَ تَکَلَّمَ نَفْسٌ إِلاَّ بِإِذْنِهِ فَمِنْهُمْ شَقِيٌّ وَ سَعِيدٌ “On the day when it shall come, no soul shall speak except with His permission, then (some) of them shall be unhappy and (others) happy.” The question which arises is: Does this verse indicate that man’s prosperity and wretchedness is inherent? There are several points that need to be taken into ... Read More »

Why does Allah (s.w.t.) test people?

Why does Allah (s.w.t.) test people?

The topic of Divine trial is an issue of great debate and discussion. The first question that comes to mind is: Are trials not for understanding matters which are obscure, hence eliminating our ignorance? If so, why does Allah (s.w.t.), Who possesses knowledge of the hidden and the manifest of everything within the heavens and the earth, have to examine and test (the people)? Does there exist something, which is ... Read More »

What is the purpose of the perfection of man?

What is the purpose of the perfection of man?

Some ask that although the aim of our creation is human perfection, what is the purpose of this goal? The answer to this question shall become clear by considering the fact that perfection is the final aim or in other words, it is: غَايَةُ الْغَايَاتِ. Explanation If we were to ask a student: Why do you study? He would say: So that I can gain admission into a university. If ... Read More »

Why did Allah (s.w.t.) not create mankind perfect from the onset?

Why did Allah (s.w.t.) not create mankind perfect from the onset?

This objection stems from an oversight of the fact that the main branch of perfection is voluntary perfection. In other words, perfection (and development) means that man traverses the path using his own feet and by means of his resolve. If he were to be held by the hand and taken by force, neither would it be a matter of glory nor would real perfection be achieved. For example, if ... Read More »

What is the purpose of mankind’s creation?

What is the purpose of mankind’s creation?

It is rare to find someone who has not asked himself or others the question: “What is the purpose of our creation?” A group of people continuously come into this world while another group leave it, becoming extinguished for ever – what is the idea behind this coming and going? If we humans had not been living on this planet, what difference would it have made? Is it necessary for ... Read More »

Do Shiites differentiate between Allah and Imams?

Do Shiites differentiate between Allah and Imams?

Like all other schools, Shiite school has been encountering extremist groups that are called by different names such as ghulāt (exaggerators), muqassera and nawasib and which have, in the course of history, created difficulties for Shiites and their Imams. Shiite Imams made continuous efforts to protect Shiites from the dangers posed by these deviant currents. By clarifying their position and recommending moderation in all affairs and by repelling corrupt agents ... Read More »

What are the meanings of the informative attributes of Allah?

What are the meanings of the informative attributes of Allah?

Khabariyah or informative attributes, the definitions and the views expressed concerning them are some of the most contentious issues among various Islamic theological schools. Khabariyah or informative attributes refer to attributes which have been mentioned in the Quran and narrations and that they are not supported by any proofs other than textual evidence.[1] Some examples of the Quranic verses which refer to these attributes are the following: 1. Hand of ... Read More »

What is the meaning of God’s devising?

What is the meaning of God’s devising?

Imam Rida (AS) was asked about the attribution of deceit and ridicule to Allah, which the Quran has mentioned, his excellency replied: “Allah Almighty neither ridicules nor deceives or devises against anyone; what He does is requite ridicule, devising and deceit.”[1] Therefore, Allah devises against those who devise against Him, and this is nothing but a proportionate retribution of their own act. This devising has different degrees that one should ... Read More »

Can God bring into existence a stone so large that he himself is not able to lift?

Can God bring into existence a stone so large that he himself is not able to lift?

One of the attributes of God is his unlimited and boundless power and omnipotence. This question has been asked and answered in fields such as philosophy and scholastic theology. It has also been explained multiple times in the Holy Quran. Yet, this belief in the unlimited power of God has brought up, since ancient times, certain issues and questions. One of these, is this very same question which is being ... Read More »